- Internet was born in 1969 when Pentagon, USA, started the project called "Advanced Research Project Administration Network" which had to realize a virtual communications system in case of war.

- In 1975 the first Personal Computer was born - it's name was Altair 8.800: in the past, till that moment, only big corporates and government, military or scientific organizations could afford a computer.

- In 1990 Tim Berners-Lee, from Swiss Research Institute, started the World Wide Web project; its target was making possible the surfing through the links in the computer networks; so the WWW abbreviation (World Wide Web) indicates the global informatical network.

- The symbol "@" was first time used in 1972. It was chosen to separate the name of the addressee from the server's name because it was already on all keyboards but it wasn't used. In the past, this symbol was used to indicate the price of the merchandises; infact it is pronounced "at (the price of...)".

- The language used for Web pages creation is HTML - "Hypertext mark up language".

- The Internet address is usually called URL, which means "Uniform Resource Location" .

- ISP, or "Internet Service Provider", supplies the Internet services and the connection to the Net.

- HTTP means "Hypertext Transfer Protocol" and the transfer of virtual pages in the Web is possible thanks to it.

- HTTPS is the secure version of the HTTP protocol, and it is mostly used for e-commerce.

- FTP means "File Transfer Protocol" and it is used for transferring the files via Web.

- BROWSER is a software used for surfing, it displays correctly the Web pages - texts, images, movies, links, etc.
Microsoft Internet Explorer (www.microsoft.com) and Netscape Navigator (www.netscape.com) are the most popular browsers, but they are not the only available: Opera (www.opera.com) and Lynx (lynx.browser.org) are less known browsers.

- Mailing List is a conference via e-mail; every message sent to the mailing list gets automaticaly forwarded to all members.

- Newsgroup is a group of discussion; all the messages get published on a server.

- The Internet pages can be viewed also on GSM mobile phones which support WAP protocol - "Wireless Application Protocol", for the moment only if the pages are written in WML and specificaly for mobiles - on GSM WAP's displays only texts and simple graphic elements can be viewed.

- Gateway Wap is a software which needed for the communication between the mobile phone and the server Web.

- Thanks to GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) protocol the data get divided into packets before they get sent form the mobile to the server and viceversa, so the transfer gets much faster. The WAP serives will get much more efficient thanks to the GPRS mobiles.

- The 3rd generation of mobile phones will use the UMTS technology - "Universal Mobile Telecommunications System" and they will be able to surf the Net even 200 times faster than WAP mobiles.

- L'invio dei messaggi pubblicitari non richiesti via posta elettronica viene comunemente chiamato Spamming means sending the unsolicited mail in order to advertise a product or a service. This practice, very uncorrect, may block the mail boxes and create serious problems.

- The word "spamming" comes from english word "spam" (spiced ham) and from a sketch of english series "Monty Python's Flying Circus": two persons come to a restaurant but they cannot order because everybody keep repeating word "spam", and they disturb and interrupt the communication.

- Web Site is a compound of Web pages, linked between them and created, usually, by the same author.

- Home Page is the main paeg of a Web site, and usually it contains all the links for the surfing within the site.

- Web space is the space where a Web site is situated. The Web space supplier (free or not) is called HOST.

- Domain is a name which identifies the address of a Web site; if you wish to buy a domain name, you first have to check if it is available.

- DNS, or Domain Name System, is a system which translates domain names into numeric addresses, or IP addresses. In this way it is possible to identify the server linked to the requested domain name.

- IP address, or Internet Protocol, is a numeric address which permits to identify certain computer on the Net. Each computer connected to the Net has it's own IP address.

- TLD, or Top Level Domain, is the suffix of an Internet address, i.e. .it, .com, .net, etc.

Best viewed with 800x600 resolution. - KAPI © 2000-2001