Bibliografia

 

Smith GCS, Smith MFS, McNay MB and Flemming JEE First-trimester growth and the risk of low birth weight New England Journal of Medicine 1998;339:1817-22
 

Kurmanavicius J, Wright EM, Royston P, Zimmermann R, Huch R, Huch A, Wisser J. Fetal ultrasound Biometry: 1. Head reference values. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 1999 106:126-135
 

Kurmanavicius J, Wright EM, Royston P, Zimmermann R, Huch R, Huch A, Wisser J. Fetal ultrasound Biometry: 2. Abdomen and femur length reference values. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 1999 106:136-143
 

Moore T R and Cayle J E. The amniotic fluid index in normal human pregnancy. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1990;162:1168-73
 

Pandya P P, Johnson S, Malligianis P, and Nicolaides K H. First Trimester fetal nuchal translucency and screening for chromosomal abnormalities. Ultrasound and early pregnancy Chapter 7
 

Moore, T.R. and Cayle,J.E. (1990). The amniotic fluid index in normal human pregnancy. Am J Obstet. Gynecol., 162,1168-73

Goldstein, I.,Lockwood,C.J. and Hobbins, J.C. (1987). Ultrasound assessment of fetal intestinal development in the evaluation of gestaional age. Obstet Gynecol. 70, 682-6

Alexander GR,Himes JJ,Kaufman RB, Mor J,Kogan M.:A United States national reference for fetal growth. Obstet Gynecol 87:163, 1996

Jeanty,P. and Romero, R. (1983)Normal values for the arm. In Romero,R.,Pilu,G.,Jeanty,P.,Ghidini, A., And Hobbins,J.C.(eds.)Prenatal Diagnosis of Congenital Anomalies ,p.323.(norwalk:Appleton & Lange)

Jeanty, P. and Romero R. (1983). Normal values for the leg. In Romero, R., Pilu, G., Jeanty, P., Ghidini A. and Hobbins J.C.(eds.) Prenatal Diagnosis of Congenital Anomalies, Table 10-4, p 324.(Norwalk:Appleton & Lange)

Chitkara, U., Rosenberg J., Chervenak, FA et al 1987,Prenatal sonographic assessment of the fetal thorax:normal values. Am J Obstet Gynecol156,1069-74

Chitty,L.S., Altman DG,Henderson A,Campbell S (1993). Abdominal circumference derived from abdominal diameters. In Chervenak, F.A., Isaacson, G.C.,Campbell ,S.(eds.) Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology , Table A1-6, p 1780.(Boston:Little,Brown and Company)

Romero,R.,Pilu,G.,Jeanty,P.,Ghidini, A., And Hobbins,J.C. (1988)The central nervous system. In:Prenatal Diagnosis of Congenital Anomalies ,p.56.Table I-15(Norwalk:Appleton & Lange)

Hadlock,F.P,Deter,R.L.,Harrist,R.B.,And Park,S.K. ,1984. Estimating fetal age: computer assisted analysis of multiple fetal growth parameters.Radiology,152,497-501.

Merz,E.,Wellek,S.,Puttmann,S.,Bahlman, F.,And Weber,G.(1995).Orbital diameter,interorbital and binocular diamters - a growth model for fetal orbital parameters.Ultraschall Med., 16,12-17

Goldstein,I., Reece, E.A.,Pilu,G.,Bovicelli,T.Z.L. and Hobbins,J.C.(1987).Cerebellar measurements with ultrasonography in the evaluation of fetal growth and development. Am J. Obstet. Gynecol.,156,1065-9

 

N.B. Le tabelle biometriche relative all'accrescimento fetale vengono elaborate in base ai dati mediani ottenuti dalle misurazioni ecografiche di una determinata popolazione o coorte di pazienti e sono soggette a variazioni individuali. In nessun modo le tabelle presenti su AWOG possono rappresentare un dato significativo per patologie fetali. Le tabelle pubblicate inerenti lo sviluppo fetale e le informazioni di tipo sanitario contenute in questo sito non possono in alcun modo intendersi come sostitutive dell'atto medico; per i casi personali si invita sempre a consultare il proprio Curante. Sono sempre possibili errori e/o omissioni. Il Dr. Giovanni Gallo non responsabile degli effetti derivanti dall'uso di queste informazioni.