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Situated in the hills of Maremma, Roccatederighi is an enchanting old village, built on vulcanic rock spur preserves intact the characteristics of a medieval village. While passing through the streets and alleys carved out of rock, you will be surprised about the use which has been made of the natural rock formation for building houses, infact, in every street and square you see this vulcanic rock mass used for foundations and for self defense. On continuing through the many alleys, you arrive in the "Piazzetta Senesi", were you  will find the clock tower and the remaining city wall, which, along with the old houses create a fabulous ambience. Then moving past the roman parish church of S.Martino, and going on up towards the top of the rock spur, you will be greeted by the most spectacular views of Maremma plains to the Mediterranean islands. Upon returning, you come to "Tufolino", where, you can admire a little staircase and cellars carved out of the rock.

When the enemy isn't pushing at the gates of the castle, life within runs smoothly.
The lord and lady stroll together awaiting the banquet; two begging monks leave the lower satisfied with the alms received; cup-bearer and innkeeper are taken with their wine amphora's, around which a group of musicians play merry ballads.
Here is a rural feast, reaping and harvesting the wheat…
Through the streets of the hamlet sounds can be heard of tired peasants trudging home, sad wanderers and cunning merchants busy showing off fabrics, pottery, simple utensils for simple dwellings.
Twilight descends and in the dim light of the lanterns far off voices echo, hoofs pawing, feeble melodies…
Thus "Middle ages in the Hamlet" wants to take us backwards in time, offering us suggestive memories of this era, in which we can all take part and be a protagonist, allowing imagination to guide us and become for one evening a wealthy lord or simply, a poor servant.

The first historical recordings of Roccatederighi are dated from 29 August 1110 when the village was part of the Ardengheschi family. In 1239 it was named Rocca Tederighi and in 1250 the Seignory of the village signed an act of affiliation with the City of Siena. From this moment on there were successive periods of war and peace, mostly with the Noblemen of the nearby Sassoforte castle. When all the Strongholds of the Grand Dukes were annulled, Roccatederighi passed to the jurisdiction of Roccastrada. Every year on 14 August, "The Palio" takes place, in which five areas (Torre, Corso, Tramonto, Ventosa, Nobili) challenge eachother. After they have parated through the streets of the village in medieval costume, there is a  "ciuchi" (asses) race in which the five areas incite eachother in a exciting picture of colour and sound. At the end of race the winning side is awarded the "Palio" and everyone is invited to the grand party where they can enjoy food, wine, music and dancing.

The village is nestled in luch Mediterranean woodland broken up by vineyards, chestnut forests, olive groves and other  cultivated land forming a mosaic of colours typical to each season. In the spring an summer the delicate colours of flowers contrast with the intense green of the foliage, later on in the autumn, the mushrooms and chestnuts are harvested from a soft blanket of warm coloured leaves covering the ground. During the winter everything is enveloped in a magical silence, only interrupted by the gentle rumble of a distant thunder or by the soft sigh of the blowing wind.

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